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regione dell'umbria

 

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THE KILNS

There are four remaining wood-fired kilns at Ripabianca which are still in use today. These kilns, whose design follows that of the ancient guidelines of Cipriano Piccolpasso, represent an exceptional example, in terms of architectural heritage, the proof of historical and cultural employment, especially now that the main part of Umbrian wood-fired kilns no longer exist.

Wood-fired kilns are rectangular in shape and are divided into two spaces, built in brick on two levels: logs are placed on the lower level, whilst on the upper level, according to precise regulations, the articles to be fired are placed.

The firing stage lasts about fifteen days and there are different phases: the articles are loaded in the kiln and the opening is walled up, so the fire is lit in the lower section and is fed constantly with fire-wood for three days until the right temperature is reached; from this point on, after having reached and monitored the optimum temperature, the kiln is then left to cool for a few days and the process of de-walling the opening and retrieving the terracotta items begins.